Call for Abstract
2nd International Congress on Contemporary Issues in
Gynecologic Oncology, will be organized around the theme “An initiative to overcome the contemporary issues of women cancer”
Gynecologic Cancers 2017 is comprised of keynote and speakers sessions on latest cutting edge research designed to offer comprehensive global discussions that address current issues in Gynecologic Cancers 2017
Submit your abstract to any of the mentioned tracks.
Register now for the conference by choosing an appropriate package suitable to you.
Women cancer is an uncontrolled growth of abnormal cells that originate from the reproductive organs. There are several types of Gynecologic cancers which include cervical, ovarian, uterine/endometrial, vaginal, vulvar and Breast cancers. Each Gynecologic cancer is unique, with different signs and symptoms, different risk factors, and different prevention strategies. All women are at risk for Gynecologic cancers, and risk increases with age. When Gynecologic cancers are found early, treatment is most effective.
- Track 1-1Cervical
- Track 1-2Ovarian
- Track 1-3Endometrial
- Track 1-4Vaginal / Vulvar
Cervical Cancer is one of the most common cancers in women worldwide. But in the United States and other countries where cervical cancer screening is routine, this cancer is not so common. Most cervical cancer is caused by a virus called Human papillomavirus, or HPV. There are many types of the HPV virus. Not all types of HPV cause cervical cancer. Some of them cause genital warts, but other types may not show any Cervical Cancer symptoms and signs. An infection may go away on its own. But sometimes it can cause genital warts or lead to cervical cancer. That's why it's important for women to have regular Pap tests. A Pap test can find changes in cervical cells before they turn into cancer cells. If you treat these cell changes, you may prevent cervical cancer.
- Track 2-1Improved detection and screening methods
- Track 2-2HPV Prevention
- Track 2-3Fertility-preserving surgery
- Track 2-4Targeted therapy
- Track 3-1Vaginal discharge
- Track 3-2Pelvic pain
- Track 3-3HPV infection
- Track 3-4Pap test
- Track 3-5HPV Virus
Ovarian cancer when cancer starts in the ovaries, it is called ovarian cancer. Women have two ovaries that are located in the pelvis, one on each side of the uterus. The ovaries make female hormones and produce eggs.
Ovarian cancer causes more deaths than any other cancer of the female reproductive system. Ovarian cancer often causes signs and symptoms, so it is important to pay attention to your body and know what is normal for you.
- Track 4-1Painful urination
- Track 4-2fallopian tube
- Track 4-3Abdominal pain
- Track 4-4Squamous cell cervical cancer
Endometrial Cancer or uterine cancer when cancer starts in the uterus, it is called uterine cancer. The uterus is the pear-shaped organ in a woman’s pelvis . The uterus, also called the womb, is where the baby grows when a woman is pregnant. The most common type of uterine cancer is also called endometrial cancer because it forms in the lining of uterus, called the endometrium. When uterine cancer is found early, treatment works best.
- Track 5-1Painful urination
- Track 5-2Endometrial biopsy
- Track 5-3Dilatation and curettage
- Track 5-4Prognosis
Vaginal cancer when cancer starts in the vagina, it is called vaginal cancer. The vagina, also called the birth canal, is the hollow, tube-like channel between the bottom of the uterus and the outside of the body.
Vulvar cancer when cancer starts in the vulva, it is called vulvar cancer. The vulva is the outer part of the female genital organs. It has two folds of skin, called the labia. Vulvar cancer most often occurs on the inner edges of the labia.
- Track 6-1Abnormal bleeding
- Track 6-2HPV-related cancer
- Track 6-3Sexually transmitted disease
- Track 6-4vulvar itching
Women with early cervical cancers and pre-cancers usually have no symptoms. Symptoms often do not begin until a pre-cancer becomes a true invasive cancer and grows into nearby tissue. When this happens, the most common symptoms are: Abnormal vaginal bleeding, such as bleeding after sex (vaginal intercourse), bleeding after menopause, bleeding and spotting between periods, and having longer or heavier (menstrual) periods than usual. Bleeding after douching, or after a pelvic exam is a common symptom of cervical cancer but not pre-cancer. An unusual discharge from the vagina − the discharge may contain some blood and may occur between your periods or after menopause; Pain during sex (vaginal intercourse).
Ovarian cancer may cause several signs and symptoms. The most common symptoms include
Pelvic or abdominal pain
Trouble eating or feeling full quickly
Urinary symptoms such as urgency or frequency
These symptoms are also commonly caused by benign (non-cancerous) diseases and by cancers of other organs. If a woman has these symptoms more than 12 times a month, she should see her doctor, preferably a gynaecologist.
Others symptoms of ovarian cancer can include:
Fatigue, Upset stomach, Back pain, Pain during sex, Constipation, Menstrual changes, Abdominal swelling with weight loss
The symptoms may include vaginal bleeding, such as a change in their periods or bleeding between periods or after menopause. This symptom can also occur with some non-cancerous conditions, but it is important to have a test. If you have gone through menopause already, it’s especially important to report any vaginal bleeding, spotting, or abnormal discharge to your doctor.
Pain in the pelvis, feeling a mass, and losing weight without trying can also be symptoms of endometrial cancer.
The may include
Abnormal vaginal bleeding (often after intercourse)
Abnormal vaginal discharge
A mass that can be felt
Pain during intercourse
Having these symptoms does not always mean that you have cancer. In fact, these symptoms are more likely to be caused by something besides cancer, like an infection. The only way to know for sure what’s causing these problems is to see a health care professional.
Women with vulvar cancer may experience the following symptoms or signs. Sometimes, women with vulvar cancer do not show any of these symptoms.
A lump or growth in or on the vulvar area
· A patch of skin that is differently textured or colored than the rest of the vulvar area
· Persistent itching, pain, soreness, or burning in the vulvar area
· Painful urination
· Bleeding or discharge that is not menstrual blood
An ulcer that persists for more than one month
- Track 8-1Abnormal vaginal discharge
- Track 8-2Bloating
- Track 8-3Pelvic pain and pressure
- Track 8-4Itching and burning of the vulva
- Track 8-5Change in bathroom habit
Surgery is the removal of the tumor and surrounding tissue during an operation. A surgical oncologist is a doctor who specializes in treating cancer using surgery. A hysterectomy is the removal of the uterus and cervix. Hysterectomy can be either a simple hysterectomy, which is the removal of the uterus and cervix, or a radical hysterectomy which is the removal of the uterus, cervix, upper vagina, and the tissue around the cervix.
Radiation therapy is the use of high-energy x-rays or other particles to destroy cancer cells. A doctor who specializes in giving radiation therapy to treat cancer is called a Radiation Oncologist. Radiation therapy may be given alone, before surgery, or instead of surgery to shrink the tumor. Many women may be treated with a combination of radiation therapy and chemotherapy.
Chemotherapy is the use of drugs to destroy cancer cells, usually by stopping the cancer cells ability to grow and divide. Chemotherapy is given by a medical oncologist, a doctor who specializes in treating cancer with medication. Systemic chemotherapy is delivered through the bloodstream to reach cancer cells throughout the body. Common ways to give chemotherapy include an intravenous (IV) tube placed into a vein using a needle or in a pill or capsule that is swallowed (orally).
Another avenue of immunotherapy for Gynecologic and cervical cancers is adoptive T cell transfer. In this approach, T cells are removed from a patient, genetically modified or treated with chemicals to enhance their activity, and then re-introduced into the patient with the goal of improving the T cell immune system’s anti-cancer response.
- Track 9-1Surgery
- Track 9-2Radiation therapy
- Track 9-3Chemotherapy
- Track 9-4Targeted therapy
HPV is consists of more than 150 related viruses. Some HPV types can causes cancer, especially cervical cancer. There are more than 40 HPV types that can infect the genital areas of males and females. But there are vaccines that can prevent infection with the most common types of HPV. HPV can transmit by having vaginal, anal, or oral sex with someone who has the virus. It is most commonly spread during vaginal or anal sex.
- Track 10-1Genital areas
- Track 10-2sexually transmitted disease
- Track 10-3Virus infection
- Track 10-4HPV related cancer
- Track 10-5Prophylactic HPV and Testing
- Track 10-6Vaccination during pregnancy
There are three vaccines which are approved by the FDA to prevent HPV infection: Gardasil, Gardasil 9, and Cervarix. All three vaccines prevent infections with HPV types 16 and 18, two high-risk HPV that cause 70% of cervical cancers and an even higher percentage of some of the other HPV-associated cancer. Gardasil also prevents infection with HPV types 6 and 11, which cause 90% of genital warts.
How effective are HPV vaccines? HPV vaccines are highly effective in preventing infection with the HPV they target when given before initial exposure to the virus—which means before individuals begin to engage in sexual activity. In the trials that led to approval of Gardasil and Cervarix, these vaccines were found to provide nearly 100% protection against persistent cervical infections with HPV types 16 and 18 and the cervical cell changes that these persistent infections can cause.
- Track 11-1Types of vaccines
- Track 11-2Vaccination schedule and use
Debulking epithelial ovarian cancer
The other important goal of surgery is to remove as much of the tumor as possible − this is called debulking. Debulking is very important in any patient with ovarian cancer that has already spread widely throughout the abdomen at the time of surgery.
Sometimes the surgeon will need to remove a piece of colon to debulk the cancer properly. In some cases, a piece of colon is removed and then the 2 ends that remain are sewn back together. In other cases, though, the ends can’t be sewn back together right away. Instead, the top end of the colon is attached to an opening in the skin of the abdomen to allow body wastes to get out.
A metal probe cooled with liquid nitrogen is put in the vagina and on the cervix. This kills the abnormal cells by freezing them. Cryosurgery is used to treat stage 0 cancers (carcinoma in situ), but it is not used for invasive cancer.
A laser beam is used to burn off cells or to remove a small piece of tissue for study. Laser surgery is used for stage 0 cancers (carcinoma in situ), but it is not used for invasive cancer.
In a hysterectomy, the uterus and cervix are removed. The ovaries and fallopian tubes or pelvic lymph nodes may be taken out during the same operation, but this isn't a part of every hysterectomy. Some very early stage-I cervical cancers are treated with a hysterectomy. A hysterectomy is also used for some stage 0 cancers if the cone biopsy didn’t remove all the cancer. In Radical hysterectomy the surgeon removes more than just the uterus.
A procedure called a radical trachelectomy lets certain young women with early stage cervical cancer is treated without losing their ability to have children. This method takes out the cervix and the upper part of the vagina but leaves the body of the uterus behind. The doctor puts in a "purse-string" stitch to act as an opening of the cervix inside the uterus.
- Track 13-1Debulking epithelial ovarian cancer
- Track 13-2Cryosurgery
- Track 13-3Laser surgery
- Track 13-4Hysterectomy
- Track 13-5Trachelectomy
The best way to find Gynecologic cancers early is to have regular screening with a Pap test (which may be combined with a test for human papilloma virus or HPV). As Pap testing became routine in this country during the past half century, finding pre-invasive lesions (pre-cancers) of the cervix became far more common than finding invasive cancer. Being alert to any signs and symptoms of Gynecologic cancers can also help avoid unnecessary delays in diagnosis. Early detection greatly improves the chances of successful treatment and prevents any early cervical cell changes from becoming cancerous cell. Screening tests offer the best chance to have Gynecologic cancers found at an early stage when successful treatment is likely. If it’s detected early, it can be treated easily.
- Track 14-1Biopsy
- Track 14-2Biopsy
- Track 14-3Human Papillomavirus (HPV) Test
- Track 14-4Mammogram
- Track 14-5Pap Test
Cancer pharmacology plays a key role in drug development. In both the laboratory and the clinic, cancer pharmacology has had to adapt to the changing face of drug development by establishing experimental models and target orientated approaches. Based upon a greater understanding of the molecular aspects of cancer, new opportunities for therapeutic intervention have emerged that are effectively 'target orientated'.
- Track 15-1Drug development
- Track 15-2molecular aspects
- Track 15-3Cancer pharmacology
With the current challenges in the healthcare system, patients and professionals are uncertain about the role, responsibilities, and communication patterns of primary care professionals during cancer care. Oncology and primary care nurses should be surveyed to attain current and preferred roles in cancer care across the care continuum. Who coordinates the care, who makes the referrals, who manages the comorbidities? What is the optimal interface between oncology and primary care nurses in care delivery? How does the environment of care support or impede bidirectional communication among providers and with the patient? We need to test interventions to determine what model produces the best patient-centered outcomes, the best coordinated care. We need to document that coordinated care improves outcomes
- Track 16-1Oncology
- Track 16-2Nursing
- Track 16-3cancer care
Gynecologic Cancers case reports play a crucial role in moving new treatments to patients who need those most, securing data so regulatory approvals can be obtained and new drugs can move into widespread clinical practice. Oncology Aesthetics is the practice of safe and beneficial spa services by individuals trained to understand how cervical cancer and associated medical treatments affect the body. Gynecologic Oncology nutrition includes the current therapies used to treat the cancer and nutrition related side effects. Patients who participate in clinical trials provide an invaluable service both to treatment science and fellow patients.
- Track 17-1Gynecologic Cancers Case reports on prevention
- Track 17-2Gynecologic Cancers Case reports on screening
- Track 17-3Gynecologic Cancers Case reports on diagnosis
- Track 17-4Gynecologic Cancers Case reports on treatment